CAN MONGOLIANS DECIDE WHAT AMERICANS HAVE RESOLVED 100 YEARS AGO? English version of an article in the national daily newspaper ‘Unuudur’ dated 5 February 2018 The American lesson & present regulations The seemingly unlimited supply of grazing lands coupled with its unrestricted free use, fueled massive interests to increase the herd size in the U.S in the late 1800s. In fact, the number of cattle grew from 4.1 million to 19.6 million and the number of sheep grew 4-5 times from 4.8 million to 25.1 million from 1870-1900. Although late, Americans have realized the consequences of human greedRead more
English summary of the promotion paper prepared by the Center for Policy Research (CPR) on the importance of keeping pastures fresh, livestock product quality improvements and reaching international niche markets for organic products, published on ‘Daily News’ and public websites ‘News’, ‘GoGo’, ‘Shuud’ etc. in April 2016. Nowadays, the world animal food and raw materials market is dominated by products from intensive farms as a result of the competition for productivity growth in countries with favorable natural endowments. At present, there is no other feasible way to meet the fast growing global demand. For example, intensive grain-fed farms supply 97%Read more
The draft pastureland protection law consultations took place in September-November 2016 covering a total of 1128 participants in 134 soums of 14 aimags representing different social groups and all ecological regions of Mongolia. Herders in Mongolia are encountered with pressing problems in the area of pastureland use and rank overgrazing (63.8%), lack of water (50.4%), grazing conflicts and disputes (42%) lack of regulation leading to chaotic use (34.9%) as the most pressing. The majority of consultation participants (80.2%) view that the existing Land Law is not effective in addressing the pressing problems and the new pastureland protection law is essentialRead more
WHAT IS THE POLICY FOR LIVESTOCK SECTOR REFORM?
(Concepts of project proposal to the Government-initiated reform program, published by “Daily News”, 4 September 2012)
The current situation of the extensive livestock industry
1. Despite the well adaptation to the harsh weather conditions of Mongolia local livestock breeds have low productivity and limited scope for further improvements. As a result their capacities to meet increasing demand for livestock products and livelihood needs of herders are weakening from year to year. /Evidence: supply shortages of meat and milk in urban areas and resulting price increases/Read more
LET’S DECIDE THE PASTURE ISSUE THIS WAY
Article published in the national daily newspaper Zuunii Medee No 30, 18 December 2007
In the recent past the most debated issue of livestock sector development in Mongolia was whether pastureland should be possessed or not. The issue has not been resolved so far because of the following 2 key reasons.
First, as the pastureland use was regulated by informal customary arrangements for centuries most policymakers still think that the issue still does not need state regulation. Furthermore, those who really understand the nature of the problem are minority at the State Great Hural and Government levels.
Second. Both among policymakers and herders the pastureland possession was commonly misunderstood and looked at from the negative sides that often made it something unsuitable to Mongolian conditions.
The author analyzes these 2 reasons and proposes ways for creating the legal environment for the pastureland possession and its implementation.Read more
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Article in the national daily newspaper Zuunii Medee No 17, 22 January 2010
What “Mongolian Livestock” program talked about?
Donor and public representatives recently discussed ‘Mongolian Livestock’, a Government program initiated by a group of MPs assisted by relevant ministries and agencies. The program touched on pastureland risk management, animal health and breeding and livestock quality improvements – opportune targets for the livestock sector. However, the implementation mechanisms include many elements as if the program seeks to recover the former centrally planned economy. Most importantly, the issue whether herders will be interested to participate in the program remains vague.
Article in the English language weekly ‘Mongol Messenger’, May 2005
The world is embarked on achieving millennium development goals for reducing poverty. Poverty has not diminished in Mongolia for the past 10 years. The Parliament is discussing millennium development goals for Mongolia while the Government-announced war against poverty began to face criticisms as it fails to show tangible actions. Yet, understanding that stable economic growth and fair distribution of its outcomes are essential for reducing poverty has improved.
The expectation that Mongolia can get rid of poverty by digging gold and copper appears to be increasing. However, this is unlikely to be satisfactory solution given a likely long way for mining revenues to translate into a bomb to explode poverty and physical limits of these resources. The unbeatable fact is that if stable growth is ensured it is livestock herding, livelihood source to more than 40% of population, where growth can immediately translate into peoples’ benefits.