PROPOSAL FOR LOW-RISK IMPLEMENTATION OF THE “NEW COOPERATIVE” MOVEMENT

The law on reducing the negative effects of climate change on traditional animal husbandry has been approved, and a timely and important goal has been put forward to ensure the sustainable development of animal husbandry through the power of herders’ cooperatives. There is an expectation that this goal will be implemented in a short period of time with low risk and effectively, and will not undermine the confidence of herders. The main risk is an attempt to solve the complex objectives of cooperative development in a short period of time without sound analyses and preparation. The risk of such a

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Locally Led Climate and Disaster Risk Resilience capacity in Mongolia was assessed

Under the contract with World Bank, CPR assessed the experience of the current Local Development Fund (LDF) and its potential to integrate local participatory climate and disaster risk assessments as part of local project prioritization; assessing key climate priorities requiring local government action, and how these could be supported via additional criteria and capacity building integrated into the LDF. The policy brief summarizing the assessment findings attached.

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The impact of sand and dust storms on livestock herding was assessed

A sand and dust storm (SDS) contingency planning process was implemented for Mongolia as a case study in the context of an FAO-led interregional project in 2021-2022. The project also supported SDS contingency planning for agriculture in Iraq and the Islamic Republic of Iran. The Mongolian country component of the project focused on livestock herding the cropping sector in Mongolia is relatively small (cropland occupies only 0.6 percent of Mongolia’s territory), and most crop fields in Mongolia are located in the north, which is less affected by SDS. Two rural soums1 (Saint- sagaan soum of Dundgobi province and Zamyn-Uud soum

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Proposed Mongolia’s portfolio of green projects

In March-October, 2023, the Centre for Policy Research completed the EBRD-funded “Mongolia: Green Portfolio Expert/Project Manager” assignment. The assignment was undertaken following a request from the Government of Mongolia to EBRD for supporting the Ministry of Economy and Development (MED) in: The assignment was undertaken with contributions from the renewable energy project expert (UB Grid Consultancy) and the policy expert (KhanLex). Below is the summary report.

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CPR has successfully implemented ADB TA project ‘Cooperative-based sustainable agriculture production’.

In 2020-2022, CPR has successfully implemented the ADB TA project ‘Cooperative-based sustainable agriculture production’. The project guided by ADB and the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry was aimed to strengthen agriculture value chains and promote sustainable and efficient agriculture production by improving the capacity of herder cooperatives to address a range of issues including livestock, pasture, and water management, as well as to strengthen value chains and links with markets. The knowledge generated through the TA was expected to provide an evidence-based model for empowering herder cooperatives and allow Mongolia to transition towards sustainable and quality-based livestock production.

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Project herder groups have got trans-boundary disease-free status

CPR is implementing ADB TA 9840 project ‘Cooperative-based sustainable agricultural production’ under the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry. For the first time in Mongolia, project herder groups have got the disease free status from major trans-boundary diseases that hinder meat exports in the Tumentsogt soum of Sukhbaatar aimag with long records of FMD. Purpose: •Pilot ways to control animal movements and disease spread by promoting herders’ participation and interest Incentive mechanisms used: •Use formal pastureland use boundaries of herder groups who established agreements with soum Governor •Use the effective rules and standards for examining and declaring disease free

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ENSURE project has delivered the tangible results

It was commonly acknowledged that the enormously increased herd size and resulting overgrazing is the major problem lying behind not only declining livestock productivity and persisting rural poverty but also increasing environmental degradation and biodiversity loss in Mongolia. Controlling animal numbers proved to be a hard task as traditionally herders see their livestock as a walking bank, a measure of social status and security. The government’s policy target to reduce the herd size from 43 m in 2008 to 35 m in 2015 under the Mongol Livestock national program has failed and Mongolia counted the highest ever livestock number in

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